The historical Bam, in an altitude of 1000 m., is a half dead, half living town 195 km. to the southeast of Kerman. Once a famous citadel and a strategic stronghold, the old Bam has been built on a huge rock mass at the northeast of the living town, and is a city mounded in the red clay of the Great Iranian Desert, Dashte Kavir. Locally, it is called "Arge Bam" meaning Bam Citadel, 300 in. long and 200 m. wide, consisting of two parts. It is similar to a large medieval European castle, except that the material is not stone but brick. It is surrounded by a more than three kilometer long crenellated wall supported by dozens of towers for the defense of the town.