Iran, with having one of the oldest, richest and most influential art heritage in the world is known as a phenomenon. This rich art includes disciplines such as the Persian rug, music, dance, architecture, painting and miniature, weaving, pottery and ceramics, metal work, calligraphy, stonemasonry, Khatam, Minakari, wood carving, tile work, sculpture, etc.
Persian art reflects a 5000 year-old cultural tradition and it gave and received major influences from Islamic art. Early art of Iran which belong to 5000 BC, shows the history of Persian art which belongs to Susa civilization.
The term "Persia" derives from a region of southern Iran previously known as Persis, or Parsa, which itself was the name of an Indo-European nomadic people who migrated into the region about 1000 BCE. Persia is one of the earliest civilizations of art in the world.
The first ascension of Persian art belong to Achaemenian era which was under the influence of both Greek and Egyptian art. Persian art has shown his glory in a series of series of a monumental palaces, especially at Persepolis and Susa which was decorated with sculptures which has made up of stone.
After Persia became a part of Islam its visual art developed according to Islamic rules. The three dimensional portrayal of living things was banned in Persian sculpture and paintings so artists were forced to use fine art painting in order to complete their art.
Ghalamkar: the Art Creation of a Role on a Linen Cloth Ghalamkar (Calico) is one of the oldest crafts in Persian art. This sort of cloth prepared of a pure cotton. The Calico is the art of printing on the cloth.
Persian Pottery: a Masterpiece of Persian Handicrafts The history of the art of Persian Pottery goes back to the ancient time. Iran can be called the birthplace of designed earthenware which is started about 4000 BC. Currently pottery is so popular in Iran and its main centers are Lahijan, Hamedan, Meybod, Yazd, Sistan Baluchestan, etc.
Persian Calligraphy:The glorious of Persian Art The art of Calligraphy is one of the most popular arts in Iran. The glories of the art of calligraphy and its decorations have been always praised by Iranologs.
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